Sunday, August 30, 2009

Fruits and Veggie Chart

The above is for reading information. Read it with a pinch of salt.

Friday, August 14, 2009

What is pneumococcal disease?
Pneumococcal disease caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. The bacteria can invade the lungs, bloodstream and tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord resulting in a number of different illnesses including pneumonia and meningitis.

How is disease transmitted?
Pneumococcal disease can be transmitted by coughing, sneezing or contact with respiratory secretions of an infected person.

Who is at risk of pneumococcal disease?
1) Children below 2 years of age
2) Persons who are compromised due to medical conditions such as cancer or AIDS.
3) Persons who have long-term medical conditions such as diabetes heart diseases, kidney diseases or liver diseases.
4)Elderly above 65 years of age

What are the symptoms of pneumococcal disease?
The symptoms of pneumococcal disease vary depending on the site of infection. Symptoms of pneumonia include fever, cough and shortness of breath. Symptoms of meningitis include fever, disorientation, stiff neck and photophobia.

Can pneumococcal disease be prevented?
Pneumococcal disease can be prevented through immunization. There are two types of pneumococcal vaccine:

1) polysaccharide vaccine
2) conjugate vaccine

The polysaccharide vaccine is used in adults and while the conjugate vaccine is used in children.

Source : HPB, Singapre

Friday, August 07, 2009

The four treasures of food that shouldn't be wasted when eat

When eating certain food, there are certain parts which seemingly are useless and should be thrown away. In reality, their nutritional value could be higher than the food itself. Check if you have unknowingly wasted these.

Fish Eyes

Fish eyes, especially mackerel family, contains rich quantity of DHA and EPA which are very rare unsaturated fatty acid. The most beneficial property of these natural substances is their ability to stimulate human brain cells, improve memory and thinking power, and also very helpful in preventing memory decline, high cholesterol and hypertension diseases. The common notion suggested is that eating certain animal parts would strengthen similar body parts of ours, and this has been proven correct by clinical experiments where fish eyes are concerned: they can help to reduce the deterioration of eyesight.

Fibres of orange or grapefruit peels

When eating oranges or grapefruits, after removing the peel, do not remove all the fibres that cover the fruits. In fact, the fibres contained a vitamin which helps to maintain the elasticity and density of the artery wall, which in turn reduces the danger of bleeding especially in the fine arteries. Hypertension patients usually have problem of brain haemorrage while diabetic patients have retina haemorrage. For people with tendency to bleed, especially old people with tendency of artery hardening, eating fibres of oranges and grapefruit peels is particularly helpful.

The nutritional value of bones are higher than that of the meat. Comparing the nutritional values of Pork bones and pork, the bones contain far more protein, iron, sodium and calories than meat. Bones contain 23% more protein than milk powder, 61% more than beef, three times as much as pork and more than double that of eggs. It has abundance of essential minerals that humans require, like vitamins A, B1 and B2 that are useful for slowing aging. The best part is, when boiled in soup, these nutritions become more readily absorbed by human body than plant-based food.

Chili leaves

Chili leaves contains complete range of amino acid almost 4 times compared to the chili fruits. It also contains more than double what chili fruits have of which are anti-cancerous substance. On top of that, chili leaves are rich in calcium, beta carotene, various vitamins and other nutrients. Eating a suitable quantity of chili leaves enhances secretion of digestive juices, improves appetite and are good for indigestions, gastric and stomach discomfort. Regular intake of chili leaves also help in warming body, strengthen liver, improve eyesight, reduce weight and improve beauty. Chili leaves is tasty and can either be cooked alone, frying with meat or making soup.